Maryland law defines escape as leaving a place of lawful confinement, with or without the use of force. If found guilty of escape, the person will incur additional jail time on top of the sentence he or she attempted to avoid. The kicker - it must be served consecutive to the sentence the escapee was serving.
First Degree Escape
First degree escape involves leaving a prison, juvenile hall, or another place of confinement. First degree escape carries a stiff penalty with a mandatory 10-year sentence.
Second Degree Escape
Second degree escape involves not reporting to a place of confinement in the first place. Violating the terms of a home detention arrangement can result in a second degree escape charge. The penalty for second degree is smaller, yet still substantial with a 3-year sentence.
Harboring a Fugitive
Maryland law defines a fugitive as someone for whom a felony arrest warrant has been issued. The law defines “harboring” as hiding, housing, or giving aid to a fugitive, or preventing that individual’s capture. In order to be prosecuted, an individual must know that the person involved is in fact a fugitive and that helping him or her avoid arrest is a crime. However, if that person is also avoiding a prosecution or serving a sentence, there is no requirement that the harboring individual know that giving aid is a crime in order to support a conviction.